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Historic Houses in Niagara

Oak Hill, St. Catharines

Oak Hill, 1938.  The house was built by William Hamilton Merritt and later became the home of CKTB radio.

William Hamilton Merritt, ca. 1875. 

Oak Hill was built by William Hamilton Merritt around 1860.  It was intended to be a home for his family after their first home was destroyed by fire in 1858.  Merritt was a successful merchant and the driving force behind the construction of the first Welland Canal.  His new home reflected his stature and wealth.   

Located at the corner of St. Paul St. West and Yates St. in St. Catharines, the home was originally constructed of brick but was later stuccoed and painted.  The home has many classical architectural features including small pediments over the first floor windows and a large entrance portico.  One of the most intriguing features are underground tunnels in the basement leading from the house to the lower area along Twelve Mile Creek which at that time was part of the Welland Canal.   Merritt was a member of the Refugee Slaves Friends Society and it has been speculated that the tunnels were used by runaway slaves heading north by the Underground Railroad.  It has also been alleged that the tunnels were used to transport alcohol during Prohibition.   It is likely that they were built to enable easier transporting of goods from the boats in the creek to the house.  The tunnels were sealed over in 1967.  


A sailing vessel in Shickluna's shipyard.   Oak Hill can be seen at the top.  This photo was likely taken sometime between 1860 and 1892.

When Merritt died in 1862, his son Jebediah Prendergast Merritt inherited the house.  He lived there until his death in 1900 at which point it was passed on to Catherine Welland Merritt.  During the first World War, Catherine allowed the government to use the house as a military convalescent home.  After the war, she moved back into the house.   In 1923, the Merritt family donated much of the land and gardens to the City of St. Catharines.  Catherine Merritt sold the house in 1928 at which point it was used as an inn.  It was during this period that the tunnels were purported to have been used to transport alcohol during Prohibition.     

In 1938, the home was purchased by E.T. Sandell.  Sandell was the owner of the Taylor & Bate brewery and Silver Spire Broadcasting Company.  He relocated the broadcasting studios of CKTB from the Welland House to the Merritt House.  CKTB was St. Catharines' first radio station and it continues to broadcast out of the home.  The house has a reputation for being haunted as a result of numerous reports of unexplained noises, odours, and other phenomena.